The goal of holistic therapy in substance abuse treatment is to address the individual as a whole person. Rather than treating someone who suffers from drug or alcohol addiction as “sick” and focusing only on their psychological issues, holistic therapy goes a step further and promotes the overall well-being of the person in body, mind and spirit. A growing amount of research has strongly indicated that, when used along with more traditional methods like the 12 steps and CBT, holistic therapy can significantly improve the chances of getting sober and the overall quality of recovery.
Below we explain the holistic therapy options we offer at The Summit Wellness Group and some of the reasons that they are such an effective part of our substance abuse treatment program:
Yoga is a set of spiritual, mental and physical practices which originated in India thousands of years ago. The benefits of Yoga in relation to addiction are substantial, particularly in early sobriety while in treatment. Yoga reduces stress related symptoms of depression, anxiety and pain while also reducing perceived levels of stress. It does so by producing a psychological state opposite to that of the fight or flight stress response, as evidenced by research from Harvard Medical School.
Yoga is now classified by the National Institute of Health as a form of Complementary and Alternative Medicine. Numerous other studies have linked Yoga practices, in conjunction with working a 12-Step program, to reduced the rates of relapse. Studies have even fond that Yoga increases in the levels of GABA in individuals who practice it. Why is the latter important? Because individuals who suffer from drug addiction, alcoholism and/or co-occurring disorders such as anxiety and depression typically have very low levels of this feel good amino acid.
As is the case with its close counterpart Yoga, meditation has been found to be a very effective tool in treating substance abuse disorders. The central concept of meditation is mindfulness.
Mindfulness is defined as a mental state that is achieved by focusing one’s awareness on the present moment, while calmly acknowledging and accepting one’s feelings, thoughts, and bodily sensations without judgement.
Mindfulness has been found to improve impulse control, something dangerous lacking in early recovery, thus reducing the rates of relapse. Additionally, The University of Washington conducted a study in which they found that meditation significantly improved recovery outcomes in a group of addicts that had just been released from prison.
Researchers have also found a strong link between regular meditation and improved brain health. A 2011 Harvard study found that 30 minutes of meditation a day for 8 weeks produced positive changes in areas of the brain related to stress, empathy, sense of self and memory.
Massage therapy is increasingly used in substance abuse treatment because of it’s documented ability to:
- Improve length and quality of sleep
- Decrease pain levels
- Reduce stress (including cortisol levels) and promote relaxation
- Improve mood and sense of well being by increasing levels of serotonin and dopamine
Because of its positive impact on serotonin, dopamine and cortisol – all of which are running haywire in early recovery – massage therapy has quickly become an indispensable tool in any top tier addiction treatment facility.
When the spine is improperly aligned this can cause pressure to be applied to tissue that blocks or reduces the release of neurotransmitters that are critical in feeling a sense of well-being. This can also have adverse effects on the limbic system, the part of the brain that is thought to control emotions.
By correctly realigning the spine using chiropractic therapy, the flow of neurotransmitters can be unblocked, promoting a sense of calm and increased emotional stability. Studies have found this can increase the chances of patients staying in treatment long enough for a meaningful recovery to start to take place.
Originally introduced in the 1950’s, art therapy has gained a great deal of traction in recent years as a supportive substance abuse therapy. Research findings indicate that art therapy provides the following benefits to recovering addicts and alcoholics:
- Breaks down the walls of denial
- Lessens shame related to addiction
- Provides an effective outlet for communication
- Motivates positive change by moving individuals from reflection into action
- Helps facilitate group therapy discussions and insights
There is an even stronger correlation of success when art therapy is combined with working a 12 step program.
Music therapy was first introduced in substance abuse treatment in the 1970’s. It allows patients to tap into emotions and needs that may otherwise be difficult to express through traditional therapeutic means. Some of the numerous benefits that come from different aspects of music therapy in relation to addiction include:
- Lyrical analysis and songwriting, which are linked to positive emotional changes in patients.
- Drumming and beats, which are associated with relaxation, and have been found to be particularly useful in relation to chronic relapsers.
Participation in music therapy during treatment has been strongly correlated to a willingness to participate in other parts of drug and alcohol rehab.